Billed consumption data
End use monitoring
Hot water end use
and develops predictive models to assess
and forecast residential demand.
The full report, Residential End Uses of
Water, Version 2, is available on the WRF
website. A summary Executive Report is
also available. This project also developed
a Microsoft Access® database, combining
results from multiple studies including
REU2016, for use by future researchers.
The database is also available on the
DEOREO, W.B., P. W. Mayer, L. Martien, M.
Hayden, R. Davis, et. al. 2011. Analysis
of Water Use in New Single Family Homes.
Aquacraft, Inc. Water Engineering and
Management. Boulder, CO.
DEOREO, W. B., P. W. Mayer, B. Dziegielwski,
J. C. Kiefer, 2016. Residential Uses of Water
Version 2. Water Research Foundation.
ENERGY POLICY ACT of 1992, Pub. L. No.
102–486, 106 Stat. 2776 (1992).
MAYER, P. W., W.B. DeOreo, E.M. Optiz, J.C.
Kiefer, W. Y. Davis, B. Dziegielewski, J.O.
Nelson. 1999. Residential End Uses of
Water. Denver, Colo.: AwwaRF.
INDOOR and out-
potential exists in
sector. With 100%
use could drop
35% or more, to
below 40 gallons
per capita per